How does a person get Cervicitis?
In fact, it's the lower end of the womb (uterus). It's still quite often referred to by the old name of the 'neck of the womb.
The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus. It extends slightly into the vagina. This is where menstrual blood exits the uterus. During labor, the cervix dilates to allow a baby to pass through the birth canal (endocervical canal).Like any tissue in the body, the cervix can become inflamed for a variety of reasons. Inflammation of the cervix is known as cervicitis.Cervicitis is a very common condition. In fact, more than half of all women may develop cervicitis during their adult lives.
Cervicitis can be caused by any of a number of infections, of which the most common are chlamydia and gonorrhea, with chlamydia accounting for approximately 40% of cases. Women who are at risk for chlamydia should be tested for cervicities, even if they have no symptoms. As many half of pregnant women are asymptomatic with a gonorrhea infection of the cervix. There is a consistent association of M. genitalium infection and female reproductive tract syndromes. M. genitalium infection is significantly associated with increased risk of cervicitis.
While STIs are the most common cause of cervicitis, there are other potential causes as well: a device inserted into the pelvic area (i.e. a cervical cap, IUD, etc.); an allergy to spermicides or latex in condoms; or, exposure to a chemical.
There are also certain behaviors that can place women at a higher risk for contracting cervicitis. High-risk sexual behavior, a history of STIs, many sexual partners, sex at an early age, and sexual partners who engage in high-risk sexual behavior or have had an STI can increase the likelihood of contracting cervicitis.
Cervicitis is more commonly due to infection than to non-infectious causes, and there are a variety of cervicitis causes and risk factors causes of cervicitis include:
Sexually transmitted infections. Most often, the bacterial and viral infections that cause cervicitis are transmitted by sexual contact. Cervicitis can result from common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis and genital herpes.
Allergic reactions. An allergy, either to contraceptive spermicides or to latex in condoms, may lead to cervicitis. A reaction to feminine hygiene products, such as douches or feminine deodorants, also can cause cervicitis.
Bacterial overgrowth. An overgrowth of some of the bacteria that are normally present in the vagina (bacterial vaginosis) can lead to cervicitis.
Irritation: Inserting tampons, pessaries, or diaphragms may irritate or injure the cervix. Cervicitis may also develop if these items are left in place longer than directed.
Bacterial imbalance: If harmful bacteria overwhelm the healthful bacteria in the vagina, this may cause bacterial vaginosis. An inflamed cervix may be a symptom of this.
Pregnancy: This can affect hormone levels and lead to cervicitis as the cervix is much more sensitive at this time.\
Cervicitis may be either acute or chronic. Acute cervicitis is typically caused by an infection and is best treated medically.
Chronic cervicitis is not typically caused by an infection. Symptoms may be milder but last longer. Some people may want to treat chronic cervicitis at home, using natural remedies that will complement medical treatments.However, it is essential to discuss this strategy with a healthcare provider to ensure the person receives the correct treatment.
Note: It is important to recognize and treat the cervicitis and the infections that typically occur with it; otherwise, it could lead to infections in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. Over time, cervicitis that is left untreated can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.
Do not attempt to diagnose cervicitis yourself. The symptoms are easily confused with other conditions, such as yeast infections, and more importantly, your cervicitis may have developed because of a serious infection, like an STI, which requires medical treatment.