What does Syphilis mean?
Syphilis is a bacterial infection normally spread by sexual contact. The disease starts as a painless sore that typically on your genitals, rectum or mouth. It spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact with these sores.
Stages of Syphilis infection
The primary stage of syphilis happens about three to four weeks after a person contracts the bacteria. It begins with a small, round sore called a chancre. A chancre is painless, but it is highly infectious. This sore might appear wherever the bacteria entered the body, such as on or inside the mouth, genitals, or rectum.
Skin rashes and a sore throat might develop during the second stage of syphilis. The rash won’t itch and is commonly found on the palms and soles, but it may happen anywhere on the body. Some people do not notice the rash before it goes away.
The third stage of syphilis is the latent, or hidden, stage. The primary and secondary symptoms disappear, and there won’t be any noticeable symptoms at this stage, but the bacteria remain in the body. This stage could last for years before progressing to tertiary syphilis.
If the infection is not treated, it may then progress to a stage characterized by severe problems with the heart, brain, and nerves which can result in paralysis, blindness, dementia, deafness, impotence, and even serious complication if it left untreated.
Symptoms of Syphilis
The symptoms of syphilis aren't always obvious and may eventually disappear, but you'll commonly remain infected unless you get treated. Some people with syphilis have no symptoms.
Symptoms can include:
Small, painless sores or ulcers that usually appear on the penis, vagina, or around the anus, but can happen in other places such as the mouth
A blotchy red rash that often affects the palms of the hands or soles of the feet
Small skin growths that may develop on the vulva in women or around the anus in both men and women
White patches in the mouth
Tiredness headaches, joint pains a high temperature (fever), and swollen glands in your neck, groin or armpits
Causes of Syphilis
The cause of syphilis is a bacterium called T. pallidum. The common route of transmission is through contact with an infected person's sore during sexual activity. The bacteria enter your body through minor cuts or abrasions in your skin or mucous membranes. It is contagious during its primary and secondary stages, and sometimes in the early latent period.
Syphilis might spread through direct unprotected close contact with an active lesion like kissing or through an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy or childbirth. It can't be spread by using the same toilet, bathtub, clothing or eating utensils, or from doorknobs, swimming pools or hot tubs.
Treatment for Syphilis
Some people who have syphilis do not have any signs of infection. In some people, the signs may be very mild and they might not even know they have it. But even if they have no symptoms or the symptoms go away on their own, the infection is still alive and can cause serious health problems many years later. It’s important to understand that someone may not have visible sores or symptoms and still be infected by the virus and they may also transmit the virus to others. Our Clinic helps you to prevent infection. It can be very dangerous if you don’t treat it. Heng Kang clinic has focused on its team of skilled and highly qualified medical professionals and curing patients.
You can visit Heng Kang Clinic at 517-519 Quintin Paredes St., Brgy.289, Binondo, City of Manila. You can also call us at 028) 356 - 0262 or click the consultaion box at thr right side of your screen to set an appointment.